Group 3 – Research


“We believe in the idea of punishment for the greater good of society, but in doing so, we discount the debt owed to and deny the experience of the victim. Ken asks Thane to elaborate on the relationship between justice and revenge and to explain the notion that a call for justice is, in itself, a call for revenge. Thane explains that there can be no justice as long as victims are not avenged. Revenge should not be disproportionate if it is to be moral. There is a misunderstanding, Thane explains, that revenge escalates violence, but, looking back in history, people have sought proportionality and thus followed the ‘eye for an eye’ system with no escalation of aggression.


Habit psychology

  • Most internet statistics about forming habits are wrong… shocker.
    • Most “credible” sources indicate that forming a habit takes 21 days
    • After researching several participants it seems that forming a habit is dependent upon how difficult the task is, coupled with the drive of the participant
      • Actual time ranged from 20 days (to success) to 87 days (still with no success)

  • Habit formation in children seem to form faster (more impressionable?)
    • 3-5 weeks was all it took for children to formulate and continue healthy eating habits in the above study

  • Three stages to habit formation:
    • Honeymoon phase:
      • Usually characterized by how easy it is to perform the action that is trying to become a habit.
        • Massive amounts of short term motivation is the driving factor
    • “Fight Through” phase:
      • This is where things become harder and negative feelings can set it. This is the make or break point where most habits die away.
        • Recognizing that you are experiencing the problem can be enough to get back on track.
        • Projecting your future views can help to break through as well (“How will my life be in 5 years if I dont form this habit”)
    • Second Nature
      • This phase is officially a formed habit, however it can still be regressed.
        • Significant life disruptions can cause these issues, (sickness, vacation, emotional trauma)
      • If you are regressed, you fall back into the “Fight Through” phase where you must fight to keep the habit or lose it entirely.

  • Habits start with a psychological pattern called a “habit loop”
    • Cue or Trigger
      • This is the cause that elicits the habit in response to it happening.
    • The Routine
      • This is what we call “the habit” this is the action that is taken in response to being triggered.
    • The Reward
      • This is some sort of positive feedback that your brain interprets in reponse to performing the habit.
        • This branch is very important because the response helps to more deeply ingrain the habit as a response to the trigger.
  • The brain is able to function less and less when a habit is formed and reiterated. This is the reason that we are able to perform complex functions while still holding a conversation or thinking about something else.


Machine Morality:

  • AMA – Artificial Moral Agents – Automata that are capable of deciding (from a humanitarian perspective) the morally correct decision in a given instance.
  • Leading researchers have proposed a moral continuum:
    • A two dimensional measure of how autonomous a machine is, in comparison to how moral and to what degree of a judgement that machine should make.
      • A thermostat has sensitivity to temperature and has the autonomy to access a fan or heater.
  • Functional morality is the ability of the automata to make moral judgement when deciding a course of action without any direct instruction from a human.
    • This would have huge societal implications if implemented incorrectly
    • This could save a lot of time and resources if properly implemented


Behavior stuff

Here’s the link I was reading from about people who take revenge still having high levels of aggression:


Family dynamics – What influences family dynamics?

Some of the many influences on family dynamics include:

  • nature of the parents’ relationship
  • having a particularly soft or strict parent
  • number of children in the family
  • personalities of family members
  • an absent parent
  • the ‘mix’ of members who are living in the same household
  • level and type of influence from extended family or others
  • a chronically sick or disabled child within the family
  • events which have affected family members, such as an affair, divorce, trauma, death, unemployment, homelessness
  • other issues such as family violence, abuse, alcohol or other drug use, mental health difficulties, other disability
  • family values, culture and ethnicity, including beliefs about gender roles, parenting practices, power or status of family members
  • nature of attachments in family (ie secure, insecure)
  • dynamics of previous generations (parents and grandparents families)
  • broader systems- social, economic, political including poverty

From this website:

Effects of just parenting is not as influential or effective as other environmental factors from peers, school, media.


Examples of prior work/art – A 17 year old boy finds that when he feels anger towards another person, he can project his anger onto them by giving them a terminal illness or by outright killing them. – A Babylonian law code of Mesopotamia. It had scaled punishments along the line of “an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.” – Hammurabi law for family relationships. It is less severe for men than it is for women, but does protect both people. – Again, women were protected under the code but in different ways than men were – Cute CS/Hammurabi related comic – Eye for an eye in terms of the military – Cute, but unrelated


Surveys-waiting for responses



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